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Les teules pintades

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This peculiar ornamentation that we can observe in some of the cataloged houses of the Vall de Sóller is one of the few decorative elements of popular Mallorcan architecture. They consist of scenes and motifs of daily life engraved on the tiles of the cantilevers of the few that stand out for their simplicity, which ranges from simple geometrical strokes to anthropomorphic or zoomorphic representations without forgetting the Christian symbolism. The drawings of the painted tiles were made on a background of lime and with strokes of red, green or copper paint.

The "teules pintades" are a popular artistic manifestation that although it had its origins from the 12th century, it was during the 17th and 18th centuries that it reached its maximum splendor. The tiles were decorated the moment the construction of the roof of the building began. The coating was fixed on the baked piece as it left the workshop by a very simple technique: two thirds of the piece was dipped in a lime solution to achieve a homogeneous base and, when it had acquired in a sufficient body, was painted with pigments dissolved in water: ground of slang for the color red, coal minced for black and copper oxide for green.

In the Vall de Sóller where the majority of buildings with painted tiles are preserved. In fact, Sóller, with 56 buildings, and Fornalutx, with 28, are the two municipalities on the island with the largest number of buildings registered with painted tiles on the flight.

Apart from the element of decorative value itself, the painted tiles had a symbolic value, since one of the objectives was to preserve and defend the house and its inhabitants from all kinds of external aggressions.

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Strolling through Sóller is to find a story hidden behind every corner, enjoy a beautiful landscape at each bend of the road, rediscover a detail that until now had gone unnoticed: walk through Vall de Sóller and be surprised by the hidden treasures that you they are waiting.

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